We have to keep banging this drum on behalf of our wildlife!
OK! This new essay from George Monbiot applies specifically to the United Kingdom. But there’s no question in my mind that awareness of what is going in the U.K. will be important for readers in many other countries.
Incompetence By Design
As state bodies are dismantled, corporations are freed to rip the living world apart
By George Monbiot, published in the Guardian 4th July 2018
It feels like the collapse of the administrative state – and this is before Brexit. One government agency after another is losing its budget, its power and its expertise. The result, for corporations and the very rich, is freedom from the restraint of law, freedom from the decencies they owe to other people, freedom from democracy. The public protections that constrain their behaviour are being dismantled.
An example is the cascading decline in the protection of wildlife and environmental quality. The bodies charged with defending the living world have been so enfeebled that they now scarcely exist as independent entities. Natural England, for example, has been reduced to a nodding dog in the government’s rear window.
Its collapse as an autonomous agency is illuminated by the case that will be heard next week in the High Court, where two ecologists, Tom Langton and Dominic Woodfield, are challenging its facilitation of the badger cull. That the cull is a senseless waste of life and money is well established, but this is only one of the issues being tested. Another is that Natural England, which is supposed to assess whether the shooting of badgers causes wider environmental harm, appears incapable of discharging its duties.
As badger killing spreads across England, it intrudes upon ever more wildlife sites, some of which protect animals that are highly sensitive to disturbance. Natural England is supposed to determine whether allowing hunters to move through these places at night and fire their guns has a detrimental effect on other wildlife, and what the impact of removing badgers from these ecosystems might be. The claimants allege that it has approved the shooting without meaningful assessments.
Some of its decisions, they maintain, are farcical. In Dorset, for example, Natural England assumed that overwintering hen harriers and merlins use only one out of all the sites that have been designated for their protection, and never stray from it. It makes the same assumption about the Bewick’s swans that winter around the Severn estuary. That birds fly, enabling them to move from one site to another, appears to have been overlooked.
Part of the problem, the claimants argue, is that staff with specialist knowledge have been prevented from making decisions. The location of the badger cull zones is such a closely guarded secret that Natural England’s local staff are not allowed to see the boundaries. As a result, they can make no meaningful assessment of what the impact might be. Instead, the decisions are made in distant offices by people who have not visited the sites.
I wanted to ask Natural England about this, but its external communications have been shut down by the government: any questions now have to be addressed to Michael Gove’s environment department, Defra. Defra told me “staff carrying out this work have all the necessary information. It would be inappropriate to comment on an ongoing legal matter.” How can Natural England be an independent body when the government it is supposed to monitor speaks on its behalf?
Another example of how far Natural England has fallen is the set of deals it has struck with grouse moor owners, allowing them to burn protected habitats, kill protected species and build roads across sites that are supposed to be set aside for wildlife. For several years, the redoubtable conservationist Mark Avery has been fighting these decisions. This May, Natural England conceded, in effect, that he was right. The agency that is meant to protect our wild places has been colluding in their destruction.
A correspondent from within Natural England tells me its staff are so demoralised that it has almost ceased to function. “Enforcement, for example, is close to non-existent … Gove seems to have somehow both raised the profile of environmental issues whilst simultaneously stripping the resources … it has never been as bad as this.”
In March, the House of Lords reported that Natural England’s budget has been cut by 44% since it was founded in 2006. The cuts have crippled both its independence and its ability to discharge its duties. It has failed to arrest the catastrophic decline in our wildlife, failed to resist the housebuilders trashing rare habitats and abandoned its regulatory powers in favour of useless voluntary agreements. As if in response, the government cut the agency’s budget by a further 14%.
Dominic Woodfield, one of the claimants in the court case next week, argues that Natural England has been “on death row” since it applied the law at Lodge Hill in Kent, where the Ministry of Defence was hoping to sell Britain’s best nightingale habitat to a housing developer. Natural England had no legal choice but to designate this land as a site of scientific interest, hampering the government’s plans. As the government slashed its budget and curtailed its independence, the agency’s disastrous response has been to try to save itself through appeasement. But all this has done is to alienate its defenders, reduce its relevance and hasten its decline. “There are still good people in Natural England. But they’re broken. They talk very slowly because they’re thinking very carefully about everything they say.”
If this is happening before we leave the European Union, I can only imagine where we will stand without the protection of European law. The environmental watchdog that, according to Michael Gove, will fill the role now played by the European Commission, will know, like Natural England, that its budget is provided by the government and can be cut at the government’s discretion. What is to prevent it from being nobbled as other agencies have been?
Already, the deliberate mutilating of the administrative state, delivering incompetence by design, has released landowners, housebuilders and assorted polluters from regulatory restraint. Only through European law have government agencies been forced to discharge their duties. Brexit strips away this defence. And if, as some propose, it paves the way for One Nation Under Gove, we should, the evidence so far suggests, be even more alarmed.
But some of us are now mobilising to turn the great enthusiasm for wildlife and natural beauty in this country into political action, and to fight the dismantling of the laws that protect our precious wild places. Watch this space.
On George Monbiot’s blog home page is this quote:
“I love not man the less, but Nature more.”
We must all love Nature more!
8 thoughts on “Just say “No!””
We constantly have to be concerned with our National Parks over here. I think some areas should just remain pristine & development free.
Without any doubt! Thanks Susan!
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I quite agree, Paul. “Unlike England, Wales has successfully reduced bovine TB in cattle without culling badgers. New herd incidents – a key measure of the disease’s spread – have fallen by 40% in Wales since 2009. The Welsh government’s success has been attributed to tighter movement controls, improved bio security, and better TB testing. But Wales is this year introducing a very targeted badger cull on 60 farms with a chronic TB problem. Badgers will be tested for the disease and culled if they are found to carry it.” https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/06/badger-bovine-tb-vaccinations-resume-but-cull-numbers-still-set-to-rise
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I am really concerned at what I see in wildlife populations in UK and abroad. Our governments don’t take it seriously, and give only lip service to a few high profile cases of degradation in habitat. We do not hear the noise of nature as we once did. It, and its instigators are being slowly snuffed out by the indifference of a general population that has been worn down by the lies, ineptitude, corruption and greed of governments. Most people have taken on that round shouldered stoop of the oppressed or condemned!
We no longer have the power to rally the troops, but we can act like Ghandi…saying no, and meaning it, is a very powerful form of protest, especially in its most peaceful form.
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Emma and Colette, wonderful responses. I totally agree with the idea that generally humanity is moving in the direction of “We do not hear the noise of nature ….” but will add that moving here to Southern Oregon nearly six years ago resulted in these two Brits, well past their prime, having their ears, and minds and hearts, really opened to the beautiful sound of nature!
I had not been back to Northern New England in many years when I went to visit a dear friend in Vermont. Drove from Boston to Montpelier (where I graduated college) and then headed up to the Canadian border. What was most striking to me was the total lack of wildlife – in NORTHERN VERMONT. This is a densely wooded area, where I used to see moose and deer down to various raptors and everything in between. I didn’t even see road kill(!!) Not any, and this was early fall. Highly weird and distressing, to say the very least.
I won’t go on about what ‘we need to do,’ as the ears that need to hear the clarion call to conserving wild places and wild animals are firmly shut as never before. I can only live my life close to the land as I have done all my life. To nurture a microclimate for wild creatures in our own small corner of the world. And pray humanity wakes up. Though I hold no illusions about that, unfortunately. Peace, Paul.
You voice precisely what Jean and I feel. All I hope is that if this blog is a tiny window onto what the broader population are feeling then maybe, just maybe, humanity will wake up before it is too late. Because many who drop into this place share your views, as regularly expressed by a number of others. As you so wisely infer, we can only ‘leave a clean wake’. Do our best to protect what is close to us.
I always think George speaks sense on all his topics Paul..