Category: Flying

Falling dogs!


This is both an unlikely story and a beautiful one.

For a hawk had ‘grabbed’ a puppy but then, for whatever reason, chose to let it go. But that’s enough from me, here’s the story.


This puppy literally fell from the sky

From the clutches of despair to the most compassionate hands.

By CHRISTIAN COTRONEO, January 15, 2019.

The aptly named Tony Hawk is recovering from his high-flying adventure with a foster family. (Photo: Austin Animal Center)

Not much is known about the tiny chihuahua who suddenly appeared at a construction site near Austin, Texas, last week.

In fact, he literally fell from the sky.

Workers at the project heard his cries long before they saw him. They figured a puppy was trapped somewhere among the debris.

“They were going around the construction site trying to figure out where these cries were coming from,” Jennifer Olohan, communications director for the Austin Animal Center, tells MNN.

“And then they realized it was actually coming from the sky.”

High above their heads, a puppy was flying through the air — in the clutches of a hawk.

At that very moment, the bird suddenly let go and a tiny screaming puppy — no older than 6 weeks — fell into their midst.

Aside from a few superficial wounds on his head, the chihuahua was surprisingly unhurt. But terrified.

The puppy only suffered a few superficial cuts form his fall. (Photo: Austin Animal Center)

But that didn’t last long, as the workers quickly brought him to a medical clinic, and from there, the puppy found his way into the care of the Austin Animal Center.

“We don’t know where he came from — whether he was born as a stray or whether he was in a home and got out,” Olohan explains.

The unlikely paratrooper’s new name, however, came naturally: He would be called Tony Hawk.

Tony Hawk will be ready for his forever home in about four weeks. (Photo: Austin Animal Center)

Considering his sheer tininess — not much bigger than a mouse — Tony Hawk probably seemed like a good idea to a hungry hawk.

But maybe he wasn’t ready to deal with all that crying. In any case, Tony Hawk’s fears subsided soon after he found some traction on terra firma.

Mostly because he found a living foster home to ease him into his new life. In a month or so, Tony Hawk will be looking for a forever home.

But Olohan suspects he won’t wait long.

“We’ve had plenty of interest, tons of applications for him,” she says. “He’s certainly not going to have a problem finding a home.”

And so a tiny puppy without a past found himself free from the clutches of despair — thanks to the warm, caring hands that will help him shape a brand new future.

Tony Hawk is guaranteed nothing but soft landings from here on in. (Photo: Austin Animal Center)


In a world that sometimes seems a little strange this is a heck of a good news story.

Well done all involved especially the crew at Austin Animal Center.

Now there’s delivery, and there’s delivery!

The Belgian Malinois gets delivered in real style.

There was a time in the past when I considered myself quite the Private Pilot. This was back in the UK long before I left in 2008. I still look up at the sky when a light aircraft goes by but have made the decision to ‘hang up my headphones’.

Back in the days when I was an active pilot I never had the opportunity to take a dog with me. Or rather I should say that I got close to taking Pharaoh up in the Piper Super Cub but, in the end, limited myself to taxing around the grass airfield.

Pharaoh riding the back of the Piper Super Cub

All of which is an introduction to a post from Mary Jo.


Kodak the dog had a rough start, but it’s all blue skies from here

Belgian Malinois delivered to veteran’s family via private plane.

By MARY JO DILONARDO   December 12, 2018.

Kodak checks out Pilots N Paws volunteer pilot Rob Lucas during their flight to Tennessee. (Photo: Big Cypress German Shepherd Rescue)

When Kodak arrived at Big Cypress German Shepherd Rescue in Naples, Florida, in late November, the Belgian Malinois mix had been picked up as a stray by a nearby shelter. The gorgeous, blue-eyed boy was jumping and barking constantly.

“To any person unfamiliar with this breed, it can easily be looked at as aggression or fearfulness,” Shirley Lubo, the outreach coordinator for Big Cypress, tells MNN. “He was a ball of energy and excitement that just really wanted to be out of the shelter environment. He was pretty skinny and in desperate need of some TLC. We agreed that his striking looks would draw the wrong attention, and that he needed to go to a Malinois-experienced home.”

Volunteers took care of the sweet 2-year-old, working with him on basic manners while searching for a home with someone who had experience with this sometimes-challenging breed.
Afghanistan veteran Joe Bane heard about Kodak from a friend he knew in the Army. Bane was a K-9 contractor who now lives in Morristown, Tennessee, with three Malinois and a Dutch shepherd. His 17-year-old daughter, Syd, fell in love with Kodak when she saw him online.

“I’m very well versed in the breed,” Bane tells MNN. “My daughter was determined to save him.”

Syd Bane smiles with Kodak as he arrives in Tennessee, just off the plane from Florida. (Photo: Joe Bane)

Bane applied for Kodak and with the help of a village of volunteers, Kodak made the trek from Florida to Tennessee. The pup made the trip courtesy of Pilots N Paws, a volunteer group that flew him to his destination.

“We knew there was no one better suited to take Kodak. He has handled countless Belgian Malinois as both working dogs and pets. Joe thoroughly understands the breed,” Lubo says.

“After many, many phone calls over the last couple weeks and emails to coordinate flight plans, vet visits, transportation, etc. we were able to connect with Pilots N Paws, Ryan Fiorini, Rob Lucas, and so many others that stepped up to make this all possible. It is by far one of the most wonderful things we have ever done, and we are all so ecstatic about finding the most perfect home for Kodak.”

When Kodak arrived, the Banes were there at the airport waiting for him, eager to meet their newest family member.

“Syd was so excited. I knew we did the right thing. We helped save him,” Bane says.

Kodak sleeps soundly in his new home. (Photo: Joe Bane)

It’s only been a few days and Kodak is slowly adapting to his new life. At 80 pounds, he’s still underweight, but getting healthier.

“He is coming out of his shell,” Bane says. “He slept with my daughter last night. He’s finally allowed to be a dog.”


Well done all concerned. Especially Kodak!

Too close to home!

A post that involves dogs but not what I had in mind!

Last Saturday I published a post The burning of our forests! that included a photograph of the nearby Klondike fire.

Courtesy Jeffersen Public Radio

Then last Sunday I was speaking to Maija, my daughter back in England, and she was asking how the fires were and I distinctly recall saying: “Sweetheart, I think we are over the worst!

That same Sunday evening, around 9:45pm, in other words two evenings ago, one of our neighbours, Margo, who lives on 60 acres adjacent to the west of us, called with real alarm in her voice:

Paul, have you seen the fire that is burning just to the North-East of us?

I replied that I had not but immediately went to our deck that runs the whole Eastern length of our house. Mount Sexton is just a few miles to the North-East of us.

This is what I saw!

Taken on the 2nd September, 2018 at 21:44 PDT

Apparently, a short while previously the wind had blown down a tree that had fallen across some high-voltage power lines causing sparking that had, in turn, ignited the extremely dry grassland.

The fire was between Oxyoke Road and Three Pines Road and roughly 2 miles from us line of sight.

That explained why some thirty minutes before, in the last of the light of the setting sun, there had been a number of helicopter flights come across us en route to dropping fire retardant close by. It hadn’t occurred to me that it was an incident so close to us.

Many of us living nearby then called each other to spread the word.

Jeannie and I, in turn, drew up an evacuation checklist and started getting things ready. More importantly, getting ourselves psychologically prepared to have to vacate the property at very short notice: Jeannie and me: six dogs; two horses; two parakeets; three cats; two chickens!

Thankfully an order to evacuate did not come during the night.

So yesterday morning I grabbed my bike and rode to Oxyoke Road. On the way I stopped to photograph the smoke in the air.

Three Pines Road looking to the East.

Once at Oxyoke Road I chatted to a search and rescue volunteer on duty controlling the traffic.

His report, as of 11:30 on September 3rd, was that the fire was just 15% contained, was “pretty active”, and that they were keeping an eye on the winds that were expected to be rather gusty later on that afternoon. I am writing this at 13:40 on the 3rd and the present winds are 6 mph, gusting 12 mph, from the North-West.

I rode back home to brief Jeannie and found her working her way through an idea for evacuating the dogs!

H’mmm! I am not sure Pedy is getting the message!

But a few words from Sweeny seemed to sort things out.

So there you are my good people, a post about dogs! Sort of!

Fingers crossed we will speak again tomorrow!

Assuming we don’t have a repeat of last night’s spectacular sights!!

Photo taken by Holmes Ariel of the Hugo Road Neighbourhood Watch group.

At least this rural living keeps one fit!

The clouds above – Part Six

Everything you need to know about clouds – the end of the story!

Everything you need to know about clouds

August 13, 2018.

Special clouds

Some clouds only form as a result of localized conditions or due to human activity.

The 2013 Powerhouse Fire in California produced flammagenitus clouds. (Photo: Chevy111/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Flammagenitus. These clouds develop as a result of forest fires, wildfires and volcanic eruptions.

Homogenitus clouds, like the ones emitted from this coal-fired power plant, are created by human activity. (Photo: thelefty/Shutterstock)

2. Homogenitus. If you’ve ever driven by a factory with a kid and they’ve shouted “Cloud factory!”, they have identified homogenitus clouds. This type of special cloud covers a range of man-made clouds, including rising thermals from power plants.

A contrail streaks out of some clouds. (Photo: G. Larson/Wikimedia Commons)

3. Aircraft condensation trails. Contrails are a special type of the homogenitus special cloud. They must have persisted for 10 minutes to be dubbed cirrus homogenitus.

A cirrus homomutatus, or a persistent contrail cloud, over Lille, France. (Photo: Lamiot/Wikimedia Commons)

4. Homomutatus. If contrails persist and begin to grow and spread over a period of time thanks to strong winds, they become homomutatus clouds.

Clouds form near a waterfall in Iceland. (Photo: Francesco Carucci/Shutterstock)

5. Cataractagenitus. These clouds form near waterfalls, the result of water broken up into a spray by the falls.

Silvagenitus clouds form over forests. (Photo: Glenn R. Specht-grs photo/Shutterstock)

6. Silvagenitus. Clouds may form over a forest as the result of increased humidity and evaporation.

Supplementary features

The final bit of cloud identification involves supplementary features that are attached to or merged with the cloud.

You could forge a horseshoe cloud on that thing. (Photo: Simon Eugster/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Incus. The spread-out, anvil-like portion at the top of a cumulonimbus cloud.

Mamma clouds appear over Leuven, Belgium. (Photo: Bart De Bruyn/Wikimedia Commons)

2. Mamma. Those hanging protuberances are called mamma, and they appear along the bottom of cirrus, cirrocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, stratocumulus and cumulonimbus clouds.

These altocumulus clouds have virga trails along their bottoms. (Photo: Kr-val/Wikimedia Commons)

3. Virga. If a cirrocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, nimbostratus, stratocumulus, cumulus or cumulonimbus cloud looks a bit like a jellyfish, chances are they have a virga feature. These are precipitation trails, or fallstreaks, and the precipitation never reaches the Earth’s surface.

Grab an umbrella, a cloud has a praecipitatio feature. (Photo: Silar/Wikimedia Commons)

4. Praecipitatio. If that precipitation makes it to Earth, however, then you have a praecipitatio feature on an altostratus, nimbostratus, stratocumulus, stratus, cumulus and cumulonimbus cloud.

Clouds with arcus features are pretty scary. (Photo: Sensenmann/Wikimedia Commons)

5. Arcus. These cumulonimbus clouds (and sometimes cumulus) feature dense horizontal rolls with tattered edges along the front. When the arcus feature is extensive, the roll can have a “dark, menacing arch.”

Tuba accessory clouds look like funnels reaching out from the clouds. (Photo: 7alaskan/Wikimedia Commons)

6. Tuba. This cone protrudes from the cloud base and is the marker of a intense vortex. Like arcus clouds, tubas appear most often with cumulonimbus and sometimes with cumulus.

Varying levels of illumination and thickness of asperitas clouds can lead to dramatic visual effects. (Photo: WikiRigaou/Wikimedia Commons)

7. Asperitas. While they look like undulatus clouds, asperitas supplementary clouds are more chaotic and less horizontal. Still, these supplementary clouds for stratocumulus and altocumulus clouds make it look like the sky has become a rough and choppy sea.

Fluctus clouds appear along the top of certain clouds. (Photo: Grahamuk/Wikimedia Commons)

8. Fluctus. These are short-lived, wave-looking supplementary clouds that appear with cirrus, altocumulus, stratocumulus, stratus and sometimes cumulus clouds.

Vigra or wispy cirrus clouds often fall from the central hole. (Photo: H. Raab/Wikimedia Commons)

9. Cavum. Also known as a fallstreak hole, cavum are supplementary clouds for altocumulus and cirrocumulus clouds. They’re formed when the water temperature in the cloud is below freezing but the water itself has not frozen yet. When the ice does eventually form, water droplets around the crystals evaporate, leaving the large ring. Interaction with aircraft can result in a straight line cavum instead of a circular one.

Tuba clouds will sometimes spout from murus clouds. (Photo: Giorgio Galeotti/Wikimedia Commons)

10. Murus. Typically associated with supercell storms, murus (or wall clouds) develop in the rain-free portions of cumulonimbus clouds. They mark a place of strong updraft from which tornadoes can sometimes form.

A wall cloud with a tail cloud. (Photo: NOAA/OAR/ERL/National Severe Storms Laboratory/Wikimedia Commons)

11. Cauda. Cauda are an accessory cloud to an accessory cloud, appearing alongside murus clouds. These horizontal, tail-like clouds are attached to the murus, and they are roughly the same height. They should not be confused with a funnel.


And that, dear friends, is it!

Truly, how many of you stayed with all the episodes?

I must close by thanking both Mother Nature Network and Noel Kirkpatrick for putting together such a brilliant reference article.

Now watch out! You are just about to walk into that lamp-post!!

The clouds above – Part Five

Everything you need to know about clouds – the continuing albeit penultimate story!

Everything you need to know about clouds

August 13, 2018.


If we drill down further, the large scale arrangement of clouds give the genera and species a wide variety of presentation. Some clouds can exhibit multiple varieties at once, so the varieties are not mutually exclusive to one another, and many genera have a number of varieties. The exceptions to this are translucidus and opacus varieties; they cannot occur at the same time.

Cirrus intortus clouds bend and twist in unusual ways. (Photo: Bblanc/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Intortus. This variety of cirrus clouds has irregularly curved and twisted filaments.

Cirrus vertebratus are bony-looking clouds. (Photo: Laurent Julien/Wikimedia Commons)

2. Vertebratus. Have you ever seen a cloud that looked like a fish skeleton? It was almost certainly a vertebratus cirrus cloud.

Wave on, undulatus clouds. Wave on. (Photo: Axel Kristinsson/Wikimedia Commons)

3. Undulatus. These sheets or layers of clouds display a wavy pattern. You can find undulatus varieties in cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, altocumulus, altostratus, stratocumulus and stratus clouds.

Radiatus clouds form a nice line in the sky. (Photo: Unasia9/Wikimedia Commons)

4. Radiatus. The bands of these separated clouds run parallel to one another and appear to merge on the horizon. Look for them when you spot cirrus, altocumulus (pictured), altostratus, stratocumulus and cumulus clouds.

Cirrocumulus lacunosus clouds can cast a wide net in the sky. (Photo: The High Fin Sperm Whale/Wikimedia Commons)

5. Lacunosus. This cloud variety appears mostly in relation to cirrocumulus and altocumulus clouds. It is marked with small holes in the cloud layer, like a net or honeycomb.

Altocumulus lenticularis duplicatus clouds float in the Arizona sky. (Photo: Nicholas A. Tonelli/Wikimedia Commons)

6. Duplicatus. These layers of cirrus, cirrostratus, altocumulus, altostratus or stratocumulus clouds appear in at least two slightly different layers.

Translucidus create a hazy shade of sunny. (Photo: The Great Cloudwatcher/Wikimedia Commons)

7. Translucidus. A large sheet of clouds — either altocumulus, altostratus (pictured), stratocumulus and stratus — that is translucent enough to allow the sun or the moon to shine through.

Perlucidus clouds make sure you don’t lose the view of the sky. (Photo: Sahil Kapoor/Wikimedia Commons)

8. Perlucidus. Yet another variety of clouds in a sheet, these altocumulus and stratocumulus clouds have small spaces between each cloudlet that result in a visible sky.

This image of an altostratus opacus cloud demonstrates how completely it can cover the sky. (Photo: The Great Cloudwatcher/Wikimedia Commons)

9. Opacus. The opposite of the previous two varieties, these cloud layers are opaque enough to hide the sun or moon. This variety is found among altocumulus, altostratus (pictured), stratocumulus and stratus clouds.

Accessory clouds

As their name implies, accessory clouds are smaller clouds associated with a larger cloud. They may be partially connected or separate from the main cloud.

A pileus cloud appears over a volcanic cloud produced by Sarychev Peak in the Kuril Islands in Russia. (Photo: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Pileus. A small cap or hood that appears above the top of a cumulus and cumulonimbus cloud.

A velum accessory cloud forms around the middle of a large cloud over Maracaibo, Venezuela. (Photo: Giancarlo Rossi/Wikimedia Commons)

2. Velum. This veil is close above or attached to cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds.

Pannus clouds form along the edge of a storm cloud. (Photo: Anderson Mancini/Wikimedia Commons)

3. Pannus. Appearing mostly along the bottoms of altostratus, nimbostratus, cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds, these are ragged shreds of the cloud that make up a continuous layer.

A wall cloud with a cauda cloud tail forms over Elmer, Oklahoma. The lowest middle section of this cloud is the flumen. (Photo: Steve Willington/World Meteorological Organization)

4. Flumen. These are bands of low clouds associated with supercell storm clouds, typically cumulonimbus. Some flumen clouds can resemble beaver tails due to their broad, flat appearances.


Please come back tomorrow for the last of this wonderful series about clouds.

The clouds above – Part Four

Everything you need to know about clouds – the continuing story!

Everything you need to know about clouds

August 13, 2018.

Cloud species continued

Cumulus humilis lack the height of regular cumulus clouds. (Photo: Thomas Bresson/Wikimedia Commons)

11. Humilis. A species of cumulus clouds, humilis clouds are generally fairly flat as opposed to taller ordinary cumulus clouds.

Cumulus mediocris clouds have small bumps and sproutings at their tops. (Photo: MarianaMigl/Wikimedia Commons)

12. Mediocris. Another cumulus species, mediocris clouds are a bit taller than humilis clouds.

A cumulus congestus cloud over a town in Germany. (Photo: pilot_micha/Wikimedia COmmons)

13. Congestus. Congestus clouds are the tallest species of cumulus clouds. They have sharp outlines and cauliflower-like tops.

Cumulonimbus calvus clouds can lead to severe weather. (Photo: Johann Jaritz/Wikimedia Commons)

14. Calvus. Cumulonimbus clouds have two species, and the calvus is one of them. It’s a moderately tall cloud with rounded tops but still with grooves or channels in them that direct the flow of air.

This cumulonimbus capillatus cloud has a flat top but still has some dense cirrus clouds on top. (Photo: Koichi Oda/Wikmedia Commons)

15. Capillatus. The second species of cumulonimbus clouds, capillatus clouds have a flat, anvil-like structure near the top, with a mass of “hair” on top of it.


What a very beautiful planet we have!

Do please come back tomorrow!

The clouds above: Part Three

Everything you need to know about clouds – the continuing story!

Everything you need to know about clouds

August 13, 2018.

Cloud species

Cloud genera are divided into species to account for their particular shape and internal structure. Certain species only appear within specific genera, but many species are common to multiple genera. Clouds are identified by their genus and then their species, e.g., cirrius fibratus or altocumulus stratiformis.

Cirrus fibratus are easy to pick out in the sky. (Photo: Ximonic/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Fibratus. A thin veil of clouds, fibratus clouds are either cirrus or cirrostratus clouds. Unlike most cirrus clouds, however, fibratus clouds do not have tufts or hooks at the end, and the strands are clearly separate from one another.

Cirrus uncinus clouds are the commas of the the sky. (Photo: HelloRF Zcool/Shutterstock)

2. Uncinus. This species of cirrus cloud is distinct for its hook-at-the-end feature.

Cirrus spissatus clouds are often found in cumulonimbus clouds. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

3. Spissatus. A species of cirrus clouds, spissatus clouds are the densest cirrus clouds you’ll see. They’re even able to hide the sun if they’re dense enough.

Stratocumulus castellanus can be identified by their defined layers of clouds. (Photo: Merikanto/Wikimedia Commons)

4. Castellanus. This species of cloud appears in cirrus, cirrocumulus, attocumulus and stratocumulus clouds. The tops of castellanus clouds form turrets, which give it that castle-like appearance.

Floccus clouds have a ragged base trailing after them. (Photo: Katarzyna Mazurowska/Shutterstock)

5. Floccus. These clouds have small tufts at their tops with a ragged base. They often have a virga, or streak of precipitation, trailing after the tuft. The species manifests as cirrus, cirrocumulus, altocumulus (pictured) and stratocumulus clouds.

Stratocumulus stratiformis clouds over a river. (Photo: Leonardo Poletto/Wikimedia Commons)

6. Stratiformis. A species found in altocumulus and stratocumulus clouds, stratiformis clouds are an extensive layer or sheet of their particular cloud.

A stratus nebulosus cloud in winter. (Photo: Simon Eugster/Wikimedia Commons)

7. Nebulosus. This cloud species, found among stratus and cirrostratus clouds, is a veil without any distinct details.

Cirrocumulus lenticularis clouds over Torres del Paine National Park. (Photo: Liam Quinn/Wikimedia Commons)

8. Lenticularis. Appearing primarily as cirrocumulus, altocumulus and stratocumulus clouds, lenticularis clouds appear in almond- or lens-shaped arrangements. This also makes lenticularis clouds great as UFOs. [Ed: And has glider pilots wetting their pants in excitement. For these ‘wave’ clouds are always a sign of strong, reliable lift!]

Volutus clouds are ominous-looking clouds to be sure. (Photo: Joshua Stone/Wikimedia Commons)

9. Volutus. It’s hard to miss volutus clouds. Also known as roll clouds due to their distinct shape and movement, volutus clouds are typically stratocumulus clouds and are completely separated from any other clouds.

Cumulus fractus clouds against a blue sky. (Photo: Juanedc/Wikimedia Commons)

10. Fractus. As their name implies, fractus clouds are stratus and cumulus clouds that have ragged, irregular shreds. These clouds have often broken away from another, larger cloud.


OK! That’s it for today.

More tomorrow!

The clouds above: Part Two

Everything you need to know about clouds – the continuing story!

Everything you need to know about clouds

August 13, 2018.


Cirrus clouds have a silky, hair-like appearance. (Photo: Fir0002/Flagstaffoto/Wikimedia Commons)

1. Cirrus. Cirrus clouds are wispy and hair-like, and when viewed from below, they appear to have little to no structure. Inside, cirrus clouds are comprised almost entirely of ice crystals.

Cirrocumulus clouds can sometimes appear a little patchworked. (Photo: Indrajit Das/Wikimedia Commons)

2. Cirrocumulus. Cirrocumulus clouds are similar to a well-worn basic sheet: thin and white. These clouds also have super-cooled water droplets within them. Technically, each individual cloud is referred to as cirrocumulus, but the term can also be used to refer to the entire sheet. If the term is used that way, each individual cloud is a cloudlet.

Cirrostratus have a way of making themselves known. (Photo: The High Fin Sperm Whale/Wikimedia Commons)

3. Cirrostratus. Cirrostratus clouds are a white-ish veil that totally or partially covers the sky. They often produce the halo effect you see above.

Altocumulus clouds occur in a few different types, not just these balls of fluff. (Photo: Fir0002/Wikimedia Commons)

4. Altocumulus. Altocumulus clouds come in several forms, though they mostly look like rounded masses. They can appear as a sheet or a layer, like the above image.

Thicker layers of altostratus can be difficult to see through. (Photo: Simon Eugster/Wikimedia Commons)

5. Altostratus. This cloud sheet completely covers the sky, but will have sections thin enough that reveal the sun, “as through ground glass or frosted glass,” according to the WMO. Unlike cirrostratus clouds, there is no halo produced.

Nimbostratus clouds are thick enough to block out the sun. (Photo: Eric T Gunther/Wikimedia Commons)

6. Nimbostratus. While they don’t have many distinct features, nimbostratus clouds are a gray cloud layer. They’re thicker than altostratus clouds, and their bases often produce rain or snow.

Stratocumulus clouds almost always have dark parts. (Photo: Famartin/Wikimedia Commons)

7. Stratocumulus. Characterized by dark, rounded masses, stratoculumus clouds appear either as a uniform sheet or layer, or they have a corrugated base.

Stratus clouds look a lot like nimbostratus clouds. (Photo: LivingShadow/Wikimedia Commons)

8. Stratus. Stratus clouds are gray layers, sometimes with variances in their luminescence. If the sun is out, its brightness can help you to see the outline of the clouds. The bases of stratus clouds will produce light snow or drizzle.

Cumulus clouds have a distinct outline. (Photo: Korionov/Shutterstock)

9. Cumulus. Quintessential clouds, cumulus clouds are detached and dense. The parts lit by sunlight are bright white while their bases tend to be a uniform dark color.

Cumulonimbus clouds have a flat top that is somewhat anvil-shaped. (Photo: kazoka/Shutterstock)

10. Cumulonimbus. Cumulonimbus clouds are heavy and dense, with often tall, vertical towers. They’re referred to as thunderheads if they’re observed during a storm. They’re capable of producing lightning and tornadoes.


Hope you can come back tomorrow for Part Three: Cloud Species!